The scenes depict in great detail, the maritime expedition that Queen Hatshepsut sent, via the Red Sea, to Punt, just before the 9th year of her reign B.
C This famous expedition was headed by her high official, Pa-nahsy, and lasted for 3 years. His mission was to exchange Egyptian merchandise for the products of Punt, especially gold, incense and tropical trees. To the south, there is the shrine of the Goddess Hathor.
On the northern side of the 2nd colonnade, there is a scene depicting the divine birth of Hatshepsut. The Queen claimed that she was the divine daughter of Amon Ra to legitimize her rule. The 3rd terrace is also accessed by a ramp. It consists of two rows of columns, the front ones taking the Osirid form a mummy form ; unfortunately, Tuthmosis III damaged them.
The columns at the rear, sadly, have all been destroyed; also by Tuthmosis III. He obviously bore a real grudge against the former queen!
Mortuary Temple of Queen Hatshepsut (page 1 of 2 pages)
The colonnade, which leads to the sanctuary of the Temple, has also been severely damaged. This sanctuary consists of two small chapels. The name Deir el-Bahri derives from the former monastery built during the Coptic era. As the first known female monarch, she ruled for about two decades, thus delaying the kingship of Thutmose III.
Temple of Hatshepsut at Deir el Bahari, Luxor
It is not known how she died or was superseded. Many of her portraits were destroyed after her death, no doubt on orders from Thutmose III. In the surviving portraits she appears as a male pharaoh with royal headdress and kilt and sometimes even the false beard. Some inscriptions refer to her as male.
Temple of Hatshepsut at Deir el Bahari, Luxor - TripAdvisor
The site chosen by Hatshepsut for her temple was the product of precise strategic calculations: it was situated not only in a valley considered sacred for over years to the principal feminine goddess connected with the funeral world, but also on the axis of the temple of Amun of Karnak, and finally, it stood at a distance of only a few hundred meters in a straight line from the tomb that the queen had ordered excavated for herself in the Valley of the Kings on the other side of the mountain" Siliotti Image that shows a reconstruction of how the temples in Deir el Bahri should have been.
Reconstruction of what would have been the temple of Mentuhotep II, built centuries before Hatshepsut. Despite the great splendor of the temple, we know that Hatshepsut borrowed from her royal predecessors most of the architectural forms developed in her mortuary temple: for example, the colossal Osirian statues arranged in front of the square pillars of her colonnades are very similar to the statues of Senusret I or the Osirian Colossi of Thutmose I at the Karnak temple.
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At the southern end of the middle terrace was built a chapel for the goddess of the western cemetery, Hathor, in front of which there was a courtyard with columns whose capitals were shaped like emblems of the cow-faced goddess. Even scenes are represented at the entrance of the chapel itself in which the queen is seen feeding the sacred cow. On the upper terrace there is a central entrance to a courtyard with peristyle, that is, a courtyard surrounded by columns, behind which is the main sanctuary of the temple, while on the south side there are scenes from the Opet festival.
Combined image showing the cow-faced goddess and a representation of the sacred cow.
On this terrace there are also chapels for Hatshepsut herself and her father, Thutmose I. A proof of this is that in this part there is an inscription accompanied by a scene in which King Thutmose I proclaims the future reign of his daughter Hatshepsut. Another very defining feature of the reign of Hatshepsut can be known from a series of inscriptions of the private areas of the temple, designed to communicate with those few privileged who at that time, not only could read, but could have access to these areas private of the temple.
In addition, it seems that Hatshepsut could have formed a symbiotic relationship with her nobles, so that the nobles were as indispensable to the queen as the queen to the nobles.